Author Archives: prosperitysaskatchewan
China plans for nuclear growth
20 November 2014
China’s nuclear generating capacity is set to triple over the next six years, according to an energy development plan published by the State Council.
The State Council published the Energy Development Strategy Action Plan, 2014-2020 on 19 November. The plan aims to cut China’s reliance on coal and promote the use of clean energy.
China currently has 19.1 GWe of installed nuclear generating capacity. According to the plan, this will reach 58 GWe of capacity by 2020, giving China the third largest nuclear generating capacity after the USA and France. In addition, by 2020, China should also have a further 30 GWe or more of new nuclear generating capacity under construction.
The plan calls for the “timely launch” of new nuclear power projects on China’s eastern coast and for feasibility studies for the construction of inland plants. It says that efforts should be focused on promoting the use of large pressurized water reactors (including the AP1000 and CAP1400 designs), high temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTRs) and fast reactors.
The plan also says that research should be conducted into fuel reprocessing technology. In addition, it calls for the active promotion of basic research into nuclear power and the research and development of nuclear safety technology. It also says that research should be conducted to “improve the nuclear fuel cycle system.”
Fast reactors – make maximum use of uranium resources by generating a certain amount more fuel than they consume – are seen as the main technology for China’s long-term use of nuclear energy. Under previously announced plans, deployment of PWRs is expected to level off at 200 GWe by around 2040, with the use of fast reactors progressively increasing from 2020 to at least 200 GWe by 2050 and 1400 GWe by 2100.
The plan sets a cap on annual energy consumption at 4.8 billion tonnes of the standard coal equivalent by 2020. This would limit the annual growth rate of primary energy consumption to less than 3.5% per year over the next six years.
Annual coal consumption will be held below 4.2 billion tonnes until 2020, the plan says. Its share of the energy mix will be reduced from the current 67% to 62% by 2020. The plan places responsibility on areas around Beijing, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta to cut their coal consumption in order to reduce air pollution. The share of natural gas, meanwhile, will be raised to over 10%.
Meanwhile, the share of non-fossil fuels in the total primary energy mix will increase from 9.8% in 2013 to 15%, according to the plan. Installed capacity of hydro, wind and solar power is expected to reach 350 GWe, 200 GWe and 100 GWe, respectively, by 2020.
Last week, China announced plans to achieve the peaking of CO2 emissions around 2030 and “to make best efforts to peak early.” It also intends to increase the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to some 20% by 2030.
Researched and written by World Nuclear News
INDIAN COMPANIES TO BUY MORE SASKATCHEWAN POTASH
Released on November 20, 2014
Premier Brad Wall on Hand as New Long-Term Sales Agreements Are Signed
Today Premier Brad Wall witnessed the signing of two new marketing agreements that will see millions of tonnes of Saskatchewan potash shipped to India over the next few years.
Canpotex, the off-shore marketing arm of Saskatchewan potash producers, signed separate sales agreements with Coromandel International Ltd. (CIL) and Tata Chemicals Limited (TCL). The two companies, along with Indian Potash Limited (IPL), were also recognized by Canpotex for their long-time patronage.
In addition, Canpotex signed an Enhanced Market Development Agreement with each of the three companies to promote the use of potash in India.
Canpotex supplies about 25 per cent of the potash used in India, which is the company’s fourth largest offshore market.
Wall is in India on a week-long trade mission.
“With a growing economy and large population, India is an important market for our potash producers and we’re thankful for these purchase agreements,” Wall said. “We have a strong commercial relationship that should only get stronger as Indian farmers begin to see the value of potash in a balanced fertilizer application. Potash has helped Saskatchewan farmers become among the most productive farmers in the world and it can do the same for Indian farmers.”
“Canpotex is honoured to have served CIL, IPL and TCL for many years and grateful our relationship will continue into the future,” Canpotex President and CEO Steve Dechka said. “We look forward to working with our partners to help Indian farmers improve their productivity and feed this dynamic, growing country.”
Wall, Dechka and Dr. Sanjeev Balyan, Minister of State for Agriculture and Food Processing Industries, were among those invited by IPL to the opening of a soil testing laboratory at Muzaffarnagar, located about 130 kilometres east of New Delhi. The laboratory will provide free services to local farmers.
The delegation toured a sugarcane demonstration plot that serves as a showcase of scientific farming methods, including the use of potash as a fertilizer.
The Premier also delivered a keynote address to more than 600 farmers, in which he touted the benefits of potash.
At separate ceremonies attended by Wall, CIL and IPL were presented with awards for purchasing three million tonnes of Saskatchewan potash, while TCL was recognized for buying four million tonnes.
Also on Thursday, Canpotex hosted a dinner attended by the Saskatchewan delegation, Government of India representatives and industry officials.
“I’m grateful Canpotex provided an opportunity for our government to say thank you to our customers and discuss how we might work together to boost agricultural productivity in India,” Wall said.
The trade mission, which runs November 15-23, is intended to promote Saskatchewan’s strengths in energy, agriculture and innovation as well as to highlight investment opportunities.
On Friday, Wall was scheduled to meet with the Chief Minister of the State of Punjab and the Chief Minister of the State of Haryana in Chandigar. On Saturday, the Premier will speak at the opening ceremonies of Agro Tech 2014 in Chandigar, and the opening of the Canadian Pavilion at the agricultural trade show.
Wall has also had meetings with government officials and potential investors in Mumbai, Ahmedabad, the largest city in the state of Gujarat, and New Delhi. He delivered keynote speeches at a dinner in Mumbai and a luncheon in Ahmedabad.
Saskatchewan is the largest exporter to India among the provinces, shipping about $1.0 billion worth of goods in 2013. The province’s exports to India have increased 67 per cent since 2007. Saskatchewan imports from India have climbed by 244 per cent in the same period.
For more information, contact:
Kathy Young Executive Council Regina Phone: 306-787-0425 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Cell: 306-526-8927
To deny Keystone XL is to deny free trade
OTTAWA — The Globe and Mail
Published Wednesday, Nov. 19 2014, 4:10 PM EST
Last updated Thursday, Nov. 20 2014, 5:17 AM EST
As the Keystone XL pipeline saga lurches toward a final showdown – a U.S. presidential veto or Congressional approval – it’s worth recalling what the original Canada-U.S. free-trade deal says about energy.
The essential bargain at the heart of the agreement is that oil should flow freely, except in times of scarcity and national emergency.
Very soon, probably early next year, we’ll find out if freedom has its limits.
The FTA’s energy chapter, later grafted on to the North American free-trade agreement, was among the most contentious parts of the whole deal. It was reached after intense bargaining and considerable nationalist angst, particularly in Canada.
Many Canadians worried the agreement would see trade in energy pivot north-south forever, with Alberta crude sold cheaply to Americans, leaving the rest of the country at the mercy of unpredictable global price gyrations.
Liberal leader John Turner fought (and lost) the 1988 federal election, warning that free trade in energy and other resources would “sell out the birthright of this nation” and turn Canada into a colony of the United States.
Canada instead took a leap of faith. Among other benefits, the country would be able to sell unlimited amounts of oil, to Americans or anyone else.
Derek Burney remembers well the essential energy bargain. As then-prime minister Brian Mulroney’s chief of staff, the long-time Canadian diplomat worked on the deal as the final trade-offs were made in 1987.
“The basic deal in the original FTA was that the U.S. wanted unfettered access to supply from Canada on a non-discriminatory basis, and Canada agreed,” recalled Mr. Burney, a director of TransCanada Pipelines Ltd., which is seeking to build the Keystone XL pipeline.
But it wasn’t a one-way street. Both countries harboured suspicions that the other side might try to meddle in the market, particularly when it came to oil.
The Americans didn’t want a repeat of Pierre Trudeau’s national energy program and other policies that might discriminate against U.S. interests in times of scarcity. So they negotiated strict limits on Ottawa’s ability to interfere in the market and limit exports, making another NEP impossible.
Canadians, in turn, worried the U.S. might block crude imports on national security grounds to protect domestic energy production and refining capacity – as it had done in the 1950s and 1960s. Ottawa secured strict limits on when national security could be used as a pretext to block energy trade. The list of exemptions includes armed conflicts, filling defence contracts and responding to nuclear threats.
“The whole point of open trade on the border for energy was, ‘you can’t restrict our imports and we can’t discriminate against your exports,’” added Mr. Burney, now an adviser at law firm Norton Rose. “That’s the equation. You can’t put a tax at the border, you can’t have a separate price for domestic consumers – all that stuff that would be contrary to an open border.”
There is no war in the homeland. And, clearly, scarcity isn’t a problem.
North America is producing oil and gas in abundance – from Canada’s oil sands and from vast shale deposits. The U.S. is on a course to energy independence, but it isn’t there yet, and experts say it will continue to need foreign oil for some time yet, from Canada or somewhere else.
The rationale is wearing thin for U.S. President Barack Obama to continue blocking Keystone, which is designed to transport Canadian and U.S. crude to refineries on the Gulf Coast. He can’t easily make the case that it’s about climate change. The U.S. State department has already determined that the project would not significantly increase greenhouse gas emissions.
A Nebraska court is expected to issue a verdict shortly on the route of the pipeline through that state, removing one of the last pretexts for further delays.
More recently, Mr. Obama tossed a new objection into the debate, suggesting that Canada is merely using the U.S. as a conduit to pump its oil “through our land” to foreign markets, with scant benefits for Americans. It’s a claim that is misleading, if not flat out wrong.
If Mr. Obama rejects Keystone, Ottawa should dust off NAFTA, file a formal trade challenge and demand the free trade in energy that the deal was supposed to deliver.
Follow BARRIE McKENNA on Twitter: @barriemckenna